~ CHAPTER 9 ~ IRRIGATED LAND REFERENCES ~
Edition 5 of July, 2007 (Updated June 2009) (Updated October 2010)

[A]~Before 1980 [B]~1980-1982 [C]~1983-1985 [D]~1986-1988 [E]~1989-1991 [F]~1992-1994 [G]~1995-1997 [H]~1998-2000 [I]~2001-2003 [J]~2004-2006, [K]~2007-2009, [L]~2010-2012,

Go to Irrigated Land Degradation: A Global Perspective (Table of Contents).
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NOTES:
(EROS - 4/17/95) means that the reference was extracted from the 4/17/95 annotated bibliography of EROS Land Degradation references.
(su4) means that this reference was used in the sustainability document on this website.

[A] ~ Before 1980 ~

56G1 Edward H. Graham, "The Recreative Power of Plant Communities" in Man's Role in Changing the Face of the Earth, Wm. L. Thomas Jr. editor, University of Chicago Press (1956) pp. 677-691.
56H1 Fritz M. Heichelheim, "Effects of Classical Antiquities on the Land" in Man's Role in Changing the Face of the Earth, Wm. L. Thomas Jr., editor, University of Chicago Press (1956) pp. 165-182.
56S1 Paul B. Sears, "The Processes of Environmental Change by Man" in Man's Role in Changing the Face of the Earth, Wm. L. Thomas Jr. editor, University of Chicago Press (1956) pp. 471-484.
56T1 Harold E. Thomas, "Changes in Quantities and Qualities of Ground- and Surface Waters", in Man's Role in Changing the Face of the Earth, Wm. L. Thomas Jr. editor, University of Chicago Press (1956) pp. 542-563.
56T2 C. W. Thornwaite, "Modification of Rural Microclimate", in Man's Role in Changing the Face of the Earth, Wm. L. Thomas Jr. editor, University of Chicago Press (1956).
56W1 Karl A. Wittfogel, "The Hydraulic Civilizations", in Man's Role in Changing the Face of the Earth, Wm. L. Thomas Jr. editor, University of Chicago Press (1956) pp.152-164.
58J1 Thorkild Jacobsen, Robert M. Adams, "Salt and Silt in Ancient Mesopotamian Agriculture", Science 128 (1958) pp.1251-1258.
58L1 W. B. Langbein, S. A. Schumm, "Yield of Sediment in Relation to Mean Annual Precipitation", Transactions of the American Geophysical Union, 39 (1958) pp. 1076-1084.

70C1 J. L. Cloudsley Thompson, "Animal Utilization", in Arid Lands in Transition, Harold E. Dregne, editor, AAAS (1970) pp. 57-72.
70C2 Arturo Cornejo, "Resources of Arid South America", in Arid Lands in Transition, Harold E. Dregne, editor, AAAS (1970) pp. 345-380.
70D1 Harold E. Dregne, "The Changing Scene", in Arid Lands in Transition, Harold E. Dregne, editor, AAAS (1970) pp. 7-12.
70K1 J. S. Kanwar, "Agricultural Development in India", in Arid Lands in Transition, Harold E. Dregne, editor, AAAS (1970) pp. 451-470.
70L1 H. N. LeHoueron, "North Africa; Past, Present, Future", in Arid Lands in Transition, Harold E. Dregne, editor, AAAS (1970) pp. 227-278.
70P1 Dean F. Peterson, "Water in the Desert", in Arid Lands in Transition, Harold E. Dregne, editor, AAAS (1970) pp. 15-30.
70P2 R. A. Perry, "Productivity of Arid Australia", in Arid Lands in Transition, Harold E. Dregne, editor, AAAS (1970) pp. 303-316.
70P3 Roald A. Peterson, "Land Utilization in Non-Irrigated Areas", in Arid Lands in Transition, Harold E. Dregne, editor, AAAS (1970) pp. 435-49.
70T1 Wynne Thorne, "Agricultural Production in Irrigated Areas", in Arid Lands in Transition, Harold E. Dregne, editor, AAAS (1970) pp. 31-56.
70W1 Wm. E. Warne, "Public Action Requisite for Success" in Arid Lands in Transition, Harold E. Dregne, editor, AAAS (1970) pp. 411-420.
70X1 Efrain Hernandez, Xoloctzi, "Mexican Experience" in Arid Lands in Transition, Harold E. Dregne, editor, AAAS (1970) pp. 317-343.

71R1 Roy S. Rauschkolb, "Land Degradation", FAO (UN) (1971) 105 pp.

74F1 Martin M. Fogel, "Comments on the Symposium from a Hydrologic Perspective", in Irrigation's Impact on Society , T. E. Downing and M. Gibson, editors, University of Arizona Press (1974) pp. 169-171.
74G1 McGuire Gibson, "Violations of Fallow and Engineered Disaster in Mesopotamian Civilization", in Irrigation's Impact on Society, T. E. Downing and M. Gibson, editors, University of Arizona Press (1974) pp. 7-20.
74H2 Eva Hunt, Robert C. Hunt, "Irrigation, Conflict, and Politics; A Mexican Case", in Irrigation's Impact on Society, T. E. Downing and M. Gibson, editors, University of Arizona Press (1974) pp.129-158.
74K1 Wayne Koppel, "Irrigation, Population and Population Pressure", in Irrigation's Impact on Society, T.E. Downing and M. Gibson, editors, University of Arizona Press (1974) pp.159-68.
74L1 Susan H. Lecs, "The State's Use of Irrigation in Changing Peasant Society", in Irrigation's Impact on Society, T. E. Downing and M. Gibson, editors, University of Arizona Press (1974) pp.123-128.
74M1 Robert McC. Adams, "Historic Patterns of Mesopotamian Irrigation Agriculture", in Irrigation's Impact on Society, T. E. Downing and M. Gibson, editors, University of Arizona Press (1974) pp.1-6.
74M2 Robert McC. Netting, "The System Nobody Knows: Village Irrigation in the Swiss Alps", in Irrigation's Impact on Society, T. E. Downing and M. Gibson, editors, University of Arizona Press (1974) pp. 67-76.
74M3 M. Edward Mosley, "Organizational Re-adaptation to Irrigation; the Evolution of Early Water Management Systems in Coastal Peru", in Irrigation's Impact on Society, T. E. Downing and M. Gibson, editors, University of Arizona Press (1974) pp. 83-94.
74N1 James A. Neely, "Sassian and Early Islamic Water Control and Irrigation Systems on the Deh Luran Plain, Iran", in Irrigation's Impact on Society, T. E. Downing and M. Gibson, editors, University of Arizona Press (1974) pp. 21-42.
74V1 R. Gwinn Vivan, "Conservation and Diversion: Water-Control Systems in the Anasazi Southwest", in Irrigation's Impact on Society, T.E. Downing and M. Gibson, editors, University of Arizona Press (1974) pp. 45-112.

76E1 Erik P. Eckholm, Losing Ground: Environmental Stress and World Food Prospects, W. W. Norton and Co. Inc., New York (1976).
76E2 E. Kulby, "Egypt's Needs", Nature 259 (1976) p. 524.
76F1 Florida Dept. of Administration, Division of State Planning, Bureau of Comprehensive Planning Documents, "Final Report on the Management Plans of the Special Project to Prevent Eutrophication of Lake Okeechobee", DST-BPC-36-76 (1976) p. 25 (See Ref. (se78H1), p. 36).
76M1 John W. Mellor, "The Agriculture of India", Scientific American 235 (Sept. 1976) pp. 155-63.
76P1 David Pimental, Elinor C. Techune et al, "Land Degradation Effects on Food and Energy Resources", Science, 194 (1976) pp. 149-153.
76R1 Roger Revelle, "The Resources Available for Agriculture", Scientific American 235 (1976) pp.165-178.
76U1 (Author Unknown) "The Labor-Saving Way to Water Arid Land", Business Week, 11/22/76, pp. 62D-63D.
76W1 Edwin J. Wellhausen, "The Agriculture of Mexico", Scientific American, 235 (Sept.1976) pp. 129-150.

77A1 Avil Agarwal, "Coaxing the Barren Desert Back to Life", New Scientist, __, 9/15/77, p. 674-675.
77A2 Avil Agarwal, "The Rising Cost of Making Deserts Bloom", New Scientist, __, 10/13/77, pp. 96-97.
77C1 Kathleen Courrier, Erik Eckholm, "Schistosomiasis: the Curious Bond Between Snails, People and Disease", Sierra, Nov.-Dec. 1977, pp. 11-14.
77F1 Forest Service, "The Nations Renewable Resources-An Assessment, 1975", U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Resource Report No.21 (June 1977) 211 pp.
77K1 G. D. Knutson, R. G. Curley, E. R. Roberts, R. M. Hagen, V. Cervinka, "Pumping Energy Requirements for Irrigation in California", Calif. Dept. of Food and Agriculture, Sacramento, (1977) 56 pp.
77K2 E. G. Kruse, D. F. Heermann, "Implications of Irrigation System Efficiencies", Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, 32 (1977) pp. 265-270.
77M1 Robert M. May, "More Water for Arid Land", Nature 267 (1977) pp. 204-205.
77S1 Kobe Shaji, "Drip Irrigation", Scientific American (1977??) pp. 62-68 (Note the year could be 1976 or 1978.).
77S2 Charles R. Scherer, "Water Allocation and Pricing for Control of Irrigation-Related Salinity in a River Basin", Water Resources Research, 13(2) (1977) pp. 225-32.
77U1 (Author Unknown) "How to Help the Desert Produce Without Water", Business Week, 10/10/77 p.114B.

78B1 Lester R. Brown, The Twenty-Ninth Day: Accommodating Human Needs and Numbers to the Earth's Resources, W. W. Norton and Co., New York (1978).
78B2 Lester R. Brown, "The Worldwide Loss of Croplands", Worldwatch Paper 24 (October 1978) 49 pp.
78B3 Lester R. Brown, "Vanishing Croplands", Environment, 20(10) (1978) pp. 6-15 and 33-35.
78D1 H. E. Dregne, "Desertification: Man's Abuse of the Land", Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, __, (Jan.-Feb. 1978) pp. 11-14.
78E1 Henry Esbenshade, "Desertification and Food Prospects", Not Man Apart (Friends of the Earth) (March 1978) p. 5.
78W1 Sterling Wortman, Ralph W. Cummings, Jr., To Feed This World, John Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, Md. (1978) 440 pp.

79A1 James Aucoin, "The Irrigation Revolution and its Environmental Consequences", Environment, 21(8) (1979) pp. 17-20 and 36-40.
79M1 John P. McGuire, "A Report to Congress on the Nation's Renewable Resources" (Review Draft) Forest Service, USDA (1979) 209 pp. (P.O. Box 2417, Wash. DC 20013, Attn: J. Lamar Beasley, Director of Resource Program and Assessment.
79S1 Carl Sagan, Owen B. Toon, James B. Pollack, "Anthropogenic Albedo Changes and the Earth's Climate", Science, 206 (12/21/79) pp. 1363-68.
79S2 David F. Salisbury, "Water Fights: The West Goes to Court", Christian Science Monitor, 3/1/79.
79W1 Kathleen K. Wiegner, "The Water Crisis: It's Almost Here", Forbes, 8/20/79 pp. 56-?.

[B] ~ 1980 - 1982 ~

80A1 Robert P. Ambruggi, "Water", Scientific American, Sept. 1980, pp. 101-116.
80C1 Thomas H. Clark, Jr., "Soil Degradation: Effects on Agricultural Productivity", NALS, 1980, 56 pp. (prepared by National Assn. of Conservation Districts, Washington DC).
80C2 James H. Carson, "Water, Water Everywhere", Audubon, 5/80.
80F1 Steve Frazier, Brenton R. Schlender, "Huge Area in Midwest Relying on Irrigation is Depleting its Water", Wall Street Journal (8/6/80) p. 1.
80H1 Dwight Hair et al, "An Assessment of the Forest and Range Land Situation in the United States", FS-345, U. S. Forest Service (January 1980) 631 pp.
80J1 Wes Jackson, "Energy, Water and a Fragile Ecosystem" in Not Man Apart, (June 1980) p. 9.
80R1 Roger Revelle, "Energy Dilemmas in Asia: the Need for Research and Development", Science 209 (1980) pp. 164-174.
80S1 Nevin S. Scrimshaw, Lance Taylor, "Food", in Scientific American, Sept. 1980, pp. 78-88.
80U1 (Author Unknown), "America's Soil and Water: Conditions and Trends", USDA S.C.S. (Dec. 1980) 32 pp.

81B1 Bob S. Bergland et al, "A Time to Choose: Summary Report on the Structure of Agriculture", U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Jan. 1981, U.S.G.P.O., Washington DC 20402, 164 pp.
81F1 Barbara Ferkiss, "Spectrum", Environment, 23(3) (1981) pp. 22-23.
81F2 Barbara Ferkiss, "Spectrum", Environment, 23(4) (1981) pp. 22-23.
81G1 Wm. R. Gasser, Survey of Irrigation in 8 Asian Nations, India, Pakistan, Indonesia, Thailand, Bangladesh, S. Korea, Philippines, and Sri Lanka, FAER-165, July 1981, International Economics Division, Economics and Statistics Service, U. S. D. A., Washington DC 20250, 114 pp.
81P1 Arthur F. Pillsbury, "The Salinity of Rivers", Scientific American, (1981??) pp. 55-65 (The year is uncertain within 3 years.).
81S1 David Sheridan, Desertification of the United States, Council on Environmental Quality, (1981) U.S.G.P.O., Washington DC 20402.
81S2 David Sheridan, "The Underwatered West", Environment 23(2) (1981) pp. 6-13 and 30-33.
81S3 David Sheridan, "The Desert Blooms - at a Price", Environment 23(3) (1981) pp. 6-20 and 38-40.
81U1 (Author Unknown) "Agricultural Statistics: 1981", U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, 1981, U.S.G.P.O., Washington DC 20402.
81U2 (Author Unknown) Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, 36 (1981) p. 100.

82M1 Chris Madson, "The Death of a River", Audubon, May 1982, pp. 70-85.
82S1 J. E. Sabadell, et al, "Desertification in the U.S.", Bureau of Land Management, Dept. of the Interior (1982), U.S.G.P.O., 277 pp.
82S2 Raymond J. Supalla, Robert R. Langsford, Noel R. Gallahon, "Is the Ogallala Going Dry?" Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, 37 (1982) pp. 310-14.
82W1 Maryla Webb, Judith Jacobsen, U.S. Carrying Capacity: An Introduction, Source: CCI01.

[C] ~ 1983 - 1985 ~

83A1 James Aucoin, Anne Pierce, "A Curious Piece of Real Estate", Audubon (9/93) p. 84-91.
83B1 Sandra S. Batie, Robert G. Healy, "The Future of American Agriculture", Scientific American, 248 (February 1983) pp. 45-53.
83H1 E. G. Hallsworth, "The Earth's Soil: Our Ultimate, Shrinking Limit to Growth", Global Perspective Quarterly, Fall, 1983, pp. 7-10.
83J1 M. E. Jensen, J. D. Bredehoeft, "Available Water in the U.S.", in Jack Hayes, editor, 1983 Yearbook of Agriculture (1983).

84D1 Robert G. Dunbar, Forging New Rights in Western Waters, University of Nebraska Press, Lincoln, 68588, 278pp. (1984).
84M1 J. T. Mac Fadyen, "The Allure of Hydroponics", Audubon (July 1984) pp. 12-15.
84R1 John F. Richards, "Global Patterns of Land Conversion", Environment, 26(9) (1984) pp. 6-13 and 34-38.
84U1 (Author Unknown), "Future Policy Directions for American Agriculture" (Nov. 1984) Source: AFT01.

85B1 Lester R. Brown, "A False Sense of Security", in State of the World-1985, Linda Starke, editor, W.W. Norton and Co., New York (1985) pp. 3-22.
85B2 Lester R. Brown, "Reducing Hunger", in State of the World-1985, Linda Starke, editor, W.W. Norton and Co., New York (1985) pp. 23-41.
85D1 Harold E. Dregne, "Aridity and Land Degradation", Environment, 27(8) (1985) pp. 16-20 and 28-33.
85E1 Mohamed T. El-Ashry, Jan van Schilfgaarde, Susan Schiffman, "Salinity Pollution from Irrigated Agriculture", Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, 40 (1985) pp. 48-52.
85G1 Diane E. Gelburd, "Managing Salinity: Lessons from the Past", Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, 40 (July-Aug., 1985) pp. 329-331.
85H1 Robert G. Healy, Robert E. Sojka, "Agriculture in the South: Conservation's Challenge", Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, 40 (1985) pp. 189-194.
85K1 Laura King, Turning off the Tap", NRDC Newsletter (October/Nov.1985).
85L1 Leprun, Jean-Claude, "La conservation et la gestion des sols dans le Nordeste bresilien. Particularites, bilan, et perspectives", Pedologie (Cahiers ORSTOM), XXI(4), 1984-85, (1985) pp. 257-382 French (EROS -4/17/95).
85O1 Patrick M. O'Brien, "Agricultural Productivity and the World Food Market", Environment, 27(9) (1985) pp. 15-20 and 32-47.
85P1 Sandra Postel, "Managing Fresh-water Supplies", in Linda Starke, editor, State of the World-1985, W.W. Norton and Co., New York (1985) pp. 42-72.
85U1 U.S. Geological Survey, National Water Summary 1984, USGS Water Supply Paper 2275 (1985) 465 pp.
85X1 Xi Cheng-fan, "Managing China's Natural Resources", Environment, 27(10) (1985) pp.14-20.

[D] ~ 1986 - 1988 ~

86J1 Juo, A. & Lowe, J., The wetlands and rice in sub-Saharan Africa. Ibadan, Nigeria, International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (1986).
86S1 Gordon Slaggett, Clifford Dickason, "Groundwater Mining in the United States", Economic Research Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Aug. 1986, U.S.G.P.O., Washington DC 20402.
86S2 Scott E. Smith, "Drought and Water Management: The Egyptian Response", Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, 41 (1986) p. 299.
86S3 Ren Jen Sun, editor, "Regional Aquifer System Analysis Program of the U.S. Geological Survey: Summary of Projects, 1978-84", USGS Circular 1002 (1986) 264 pp.

87C1 Melvin L. Cotner, "Water busting: Irrigation Investment Aggravates Commodity Surplus", Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, 42 (1987) pp. 335-338.
87E1 Mohamed T. El-Ashry, Diana C. Gibbons, "Managing the West's Water", Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, 42 (1987) pp. 8-13.
87L1 Ratton Lal, "Managing the Soils of Sub-Saharan Africa", Science, 236 (1987) pp. 1069-1076.
87M1 K. Mahmood, "Reservoir Sedimentation: Impact, Extent and Mitigation", World Bank, Washington DC, 1987.

87P1 Fred Pearce, "Banishing the Salt of the Earth", New Scientist, 6/11/87, pp. 53-55.
87P2 Fred Pearce, "A Watershed for the Third World's Irrigators", New Scientist, (5/7/87) pp. 26-27.
87R1 Robert Repetto, "Shimming the Water: Rent-Seeking and the Performance of Public Irrigation Systems", World Resources Institute, 47 pp, 1987 Source: WRI01 (See Journal Soil and Water Conservation 42 (1987) p. 36) (Alt. Address and Price: Box 620, Holmes, PA 190430).
87S1 Gar Smith, "Beijing May Run Dry", Earth Island Journal (Fall, 1987) p. 3.
87W1 D. E. Walling, in Energetics of the Physical Environment, John Wiley and Sons (1987) pp. 89-117.

88B1 Lester R. Brown, "The Changing World Food Prospect: The Nineties and beyond", Worldwatch Paper 85 (Oct.1988) 58 pp.
88B2 Lester R. Brown, "Pork Shortage Forces Tough Choices in China", World Watch, 1(3) (1988) pp. 44-45.
88D1 Clifford Dickason, "Improved Estimate of Groundwater Mining Acreage", Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, 43 (1988) pp. 239-240.
88M1 Andrew Melnykovych, "In the West, Subsidy Begets Subsidy Begets Subsidy", High Country News, (4/18/88), p. 15.
88O1 Clayton W. Ogg, J. E. Hostetler, Donna J. Lee, "Expanding the Conservation Reserve to Achieve Multiple Environmental Goals", Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, 43 (1988) pp. 78-81.
88P1 Sandra Postel, "North China Exceeds its Water Budget", World Watch 1(5) (1988) pp. 40-41.
88P2 D. Phantumvanit, K. S. Sathirathai, "Thailand, Degradation and Development in a Resource-Rich Land", Environment, 30(1) (1988) pp. 11-15 and 30-31.
88S1 Istvan Szabolcs, Salt-Affected Soils, CRC Press, Boca Raton, (1988) 272 pp.

[E] ~ 1989 - 1991 ~

89C1 Wm. Celis III, "Companies Flock to Central Valley where Costs are as low as the land", Wall Street Journal (2/14/89)
89E1 El Shal, M., "Country report for Egypt", in Dieter Rappenhoner (editor), Resource Conservation and Desertification Control in the Near East, Deutsche Stiftung fur Internationale Entwicklumg, Feldafing, Germany (1989) pp. 26-30 (EROS - 4/17/95).
89F1 Dennis Farney, "On the Great Plains, Life Becomes a Fight for Water and Survival", Wall Street Journal, 8/16/89.
89H1 Guo Huancheng, Wu Dengru, and Zhu Hongxing, "Land restoration in China", Journal Applied Ecology 26 (1989) pp. 787-792 (EROS - 4/17/95).
89K1 Khakimov, F. I., Soil Melioration Conditions of Desertification of Deltas, Institute of Soil Science and Photosynthesis, Pushchino. 218p. (1989) Russian (EROS - 4/17/95).
89P1 Sandra Postel, "Water for Agriculture: Facing the Limits", Worldwatch Paper 93 (1989) 54 pp.
89P2 Sandra Postel, "Land's End", World Watch, May-June, 1989, pp. 12-20.
89P3 Sandra Postel, "Halting Land Degradation", in Linda Starke, editor, State of the World 1989, W.W. Norton Co., New York (1989) pp. 21-40.
89Y2 Yang, Qinye, "The physical-geographical zone of the Loess Plateau", Chinese Journal of Arid Land Research 2 (1989) pp. 283-92 (EROS-4/17/95).
- - - - - - - - - - - -

90B1 Lester R. Brown, John E. Young, "Feeding the World in the Nineties", in Linda Starke, editor, State of the World 1990, W. W. Norton and Co., New York (1990) pp. 59-78.
90B2 Philip Ball, "H2O: A Biography of Water", Phoenix Press, UK (1990) pp. 23-25).
90C1 Arthur J. Conacher, "Salt of the Earth: Secondary Soil Salinization in the Australian Wheat Belt", Environment, 32(6) (1990) pp. 4-9 and 40-42.
90L1 Luna B. Leopold, "Ethos, Equity, and the Water Resource", Environment, 32(2) (1990) pp. 18-20 and 37-42.
91O1 Oldeman, L., Hakkeling, R. & Sombroek, W., World map of the status of human-induced soil degradation, second revised editor Wageningen, the Netherlands, ISRIC and Nairobi, UNEP (1991).
90P1 Sandra Postel, "Saving Water for Agriculture", in Linda Starke, editor, State of the World 1990, W.W. Norton and Co., New York (1990) pp. 39-58.
90U1 (Author Unknown), "California Looks to Sea Water", Pittsburgh Press (7/15/90).
90U2 (Author Unknown), "Turkey Reduces Water Lifeline in Mideast", Pittsburgh Press (1/14/90).
90W1 World Resources Institute, World Resources 1990-1991, Oxford University Press, New York (1990) 383 pp.

91A1 Philip H. Abelson, "Desalination of Brackish and Marine Waters", Science, 251 (1991) p. 1289.
91B2 Lester R. Brown, "The Aral Sea; Going, Going.", World Watch 4(1) (1991) pp. 20-27.
91B3 Lester Brown, "The Global Competition for Land", Journal Soil and Water Conservation, 46 (1991) pp. 394-97.
91D1 Derek Doyle, "Sustainable Development: Growth Without Losing Ground", Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, 46 (1991) pp. 8-16.
91F1 Hilary F. French, "Restoring the East European and Soviet Environment", in Linda Starke, editor, State of the World 1991, W. W. Norton and Co., New York (1991) pp. 93-112.
91J1 Lynn Jacobs, Waste of the West: Public Lands Grazing, P.O. Box 5784, Tucson, AZ 85703 602 pp. (1991)
91W1 Peter Waldman, "Water Often is a Divisive Issue in the Fractious Middle East", Wall Street Journal, 10/30/91.
91W2 Peter Weber, "Desalination's Appeal Evaporates", World Watch 4(6) (1991) pp. 8-9.

[F] ~ 1992 - 1994 ~

92F1 Murray Feshbach, "Russia's Farms, Too Poisoned for The Plow", Wall Street Journal, 5/14/92 (Based on M. F. and Alfred Friendly, Jr., Ecocide in the USSR: Health and Nature Under Seige, Basic Books (1992)).
92I1 International Conference on Water and the Environment (ICWE) in Dublin, Ireland (1/31/92).
92P1 Sandra Postel, Last Oasis, W. W. Norton and Co., New York (1992) 239 pp. Source: WWINS.

93D1 Thomas F. Homer-Dixon, Jeffrey H. Boutwell, George W. Rathjens, "Environmental Change and Violent Conflict", Scientific American, 268 (1993) pp. 38-45.
93F1 FAO, The use of saline waters for crop production. FAO Irrigation and Drainage Paper No. 48. Rome (1993).
93G1 Peter H. Gleich, Water in Crisis: A Guide to the World's Fresh Water Resources, Oxford Science Publications, 1993, 473 pp., paperback. (See Nature, 366 (1993) p. 419).
93H1 Steve Halvonik, "More than 300 Chinese Cities Running Dry", Pittsburgh Post Gazette (11/16/93).
93L1 Nick Ludington, "UN Calls Environment in Occupied Lands a Mess", Pittsburgh Post Gazette, 5/11/93 (Associated Press).
93M1 Charles McCoy, "Future of Big Vegetable-Growing Area in California Threatened by Salt Water", Wall Street Journal, (7/1/93).
93M2 Charles McCoy, "U.S. Proposals would Force California to Direct More Water to Wildlife, Cities", Wall Street Journal, (12/16/93).
93M3 Yacob Maul, Vitaly Garmanov, J. Sanford Rikoon, "Soil Conservatrion and Agricultural Land-Use Issues in Kazakhstan", Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, 48 (1993) pp. 383-88.
93P1 Sandra Postel, "The Politics of Water", World Watch 6(4) (1993) pp. 10-18.
93P2 Sandra Postel, "Facing Water Scarcity", in Linda Starke, editor, State of the World 1993, W. W. Norrton and Co., New York (1993) pp. 22-41.
93S1 Daniel Jean Stanley, Andrew G. Warne, "Nile Delta: Recent Geologic Evolution and Human Impact", Science, 260 (1993) pp. 628-634.
93S2 I.A.Shiklomanov, "World Freshwater Resources", pp. 13-24 in Water in Crisis, P. Gleick, editor, Oxford University Press (1993).
93U1 Dina L. Umali, Irrigation-Induced Salinity, World Bank Publications, Washington, DC 20433 (193) 79 pp. paperback.

94B1 Lester R. Brown, Hal Kane, Full House: Reassessing the Earth's Population Carrying Capacity, W. W. Norton and Co., New York (1994) 262 pp.
94B2 Lester R. Brown, "Who Will Feed China?", World Watch, 7(5) (1994) pp.10-19.
94D1 Democratic Staff Report, Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations Committee on Natural Resources, "Taking from the Taxpayer: Public Subsidies for Natural Resource Development", US House of Rep., 103rd Congress 2nd Session, 8/94, Washington DC (http://www.house.gov/resources/105cong/democrat/subsidy.htm).
94F1 FAO/UNDP/UNEP, Land degradation in South Asia: its severity, its causes and effects upon the people. World Soil Resources Report No. 78. Rome (1994).
94G1 Peter H. Gleick, "Water, War and Peace in the Middle East", Environment 36(3) (1994) pp. 6-15 and 35-42.
94H1 R. L. Holman, "New Toilets Get Chinese Priority", Wall Street Journal (6/08/94).
94K1 Henry W. Kindall, David Pimentel, Constraints on the Expansion of the Global Food Supply, Ambio 23(3), (May 1994) (See http://dieoff.org/page36.htm).
94P1 Sandra Postel, "Carrying Capacity: Earth's Bottom Line", in Linda Starke, editor, State of the World 1994, W.W. Norton and Co., New York (1994) pp. 3-21.
94P2 Sandra Postel, in Linda Starke, editor, Vital Signs 1994, W. W. Norton and Co., New York (1994) pp. 44-45.
94S1 Dork L. Sahagian, Frank W. Schwartz, David K. Jacobs, "Direct Anthropogenic Contributions to Sea-Level Rise in the 20th Century", Nature, 367 (1994) pp. 54-57.
94U1 (Author Unknown), "Bankok has Water Shortage", Pittsburgh Post Gazette (3/7/94).
94U2 U.S. Congress, Committee on Natural Resources, Sub-committee on Oversight and Investigations, "Taking from the Taxpayer: Public Subsidies for Natural Resource Development" (1994).

[G] ~ 1995 - 1997 ~

95B1 Lester R. Brown, "Nature's Limits", in Linda Starke, editor, State of the World 1995, W. W. Norton and Co., New York (1995) pp. 3-20.
95B2 Lester R. Brown, "Facing Food Scarcity", World Watch 8(6) (1995) pp. 10-20.
95B3 Lester R. Brown, "Who will Feed China?", W. W. Norton and Co., New York (1995) 163 pp.
95F1 FAO, "Production Yearbook," Rome Italy (1995).
95F1 (Falkenmark, M. and Lundquist, J. (1995). "Looming Water Crisis: New Approaches Are Inevitable", in Chapter 6 of Ohlsson, L. Hydropolitics: Conflict over Water as a Development Constraint. Zen Books, London. p. 181.)
NOTE: Two Reference citations with the same label. Use context to distinguish. Sorry for the confusion.
95G1 Gary Gardner, "From Oasis to Mirage: The Aquifers that Won't Replenish", World Watch, 6(3) (1995) pp. 30-36.
95G2 Gary Gardner, Jim Perry, "Big Dam Construction is on the Rise", World Watch, 8(5) (1995) pp. 36-37.
95G3 F. Ghassemi, A.J. Jakeman, H.A. Nix, "Salinization of Land and Water Resources: Human Causes, extent, Management and Case Studies", University of New South Wales Press Ltd. (1995).
95H1 Don Hinrichsen, "Sea Change", Amicus Journal, 17(1) (spring 1995) pp. 38-41.
95J1 Wm. I. Jones, "The World Bank and Irrigation", World Bank, Washington DC, 1995.
95K1 Keller, A. A.; Keller, J. 1995. Effective efficiency: A water use efficiency concept for allocating freshwater resources. USCD Newsletter, No.71:4-13; pp.5-19. (Winrock International. Center for Economic Policy Studies, discussion paper 22 / IIMI reprint 1).

95P1 David Pimentel, C. Harvey, "Environmental and Economic Costs of Soil Erosion and Conservation Benefits", Science, 267 (1995) pp. 1117-23.
95P2 Sandra Postel, "Where have All the Rivers Gone?", World Watch, 6(3) (1995) pp. 9-19 (N.R.).
95R1 Megan Ryan, Christopher Flavin, "Facing China's Limits", in Linda Starke, editor, State of the World 1995, W. W. Norton and Co., New York (1995) pp. 113-31.
95U1 (Author Unknown), "Earthweek/ A Diary of the Planet", Pittsburgh Post Gazette (5/29/95).
95W1 Elena Wilken, "Assault of the Earth", World Watch, 8(2) (1995) pp. 20-27.

96A1 Janet N. Abramovitz, "Imperiled Waters, Impoverished Future: The Decline of Freshwater Ecosystems", Worldwatch Paper #128, March 1996, 80 pp.
96B1 Lester R. Brown, "The Acceleration of History", in Linda Starke, editor, State of the World 1996, W. W. Norton and Co., New York (1996) pp. 3-20.
96G1 Gary Gardner, "Preserving Agricultural Resources", in Linda Starke, editor, State of the World 1996, W.W. Norton and Co., New York (1996) pp. 78-94.
96G2 Gary Gardner, "Shrinking Fields: Cropland Loss in a World of Eight Billion", World Watch Paper #131 (July 1996) 56 pp.
96K1 Keller, A.; Keller, J.; Seckler, D. Integrated water resource systems: Theory and policy implications. Colombo, Sri Lanka: IIMI. iii, 15p. (IIMI research report 3) (1996).

96M1 Norman Myers**, "Forests: a Planetary Treasure", People and the Planet, 5(4) (1996) http://www.oneworld.org/patp/index.html (** Fellow, Green College, Oxford).
96M2 Alain Marcoux, FAO Population Programme Service; Population Change-Natural Resources-Environment Linkages in the Arab States Region (April 1996).
96P1 Sandra L. Postel, "Forging a Sustainable Water Strategy", in Linda Starke, editor, State of the World 1996, W. W. Norton and Co., New York (1996) pp. 40-59.
96P2 Sandra L. Postel, Gretchen C. Daily, Paul R. Ehrlich, "Human Appropriation of Renewable Fresh Water", Science, 271 (1996) pp. 785-788.
96P3 Sandra L. Postel, "Dividing the Waters: Food Security, Ecosystem Health, and the New Politics of Scarcity", Worldwatch Paper 132 (September 1996), 76 pp.

96S1 Scherr, S. & Yadav, S., "Land degradation in the developing world: implications for food, agriculture and the environment to 2020". Food, Agriculture and the Environment Discussion Paper No. 14. Washington, DC, IFPRI (1996).

97B1 Lester R. Brown, Michael Renner, Christopher Flavin, Vital Signs 1997: The Environmental Trends that are Shaping our Future, W. W. Norton and Co., New York (1997).
97B2 Lester R. Brown, "The Agricultural Link: How Environmental Deterioration Could Disrupt Economic Progress", Worldwatch Paper 136 (1997) 73 pp.
97C1 Pierre Crosson, "Will Erosion Threaten Agricultural Productivity?" Environment 39(8) (1997) pp. 4-9 and 29-31.
97D1 Michael Bernard Kwesi Darkoh, "Desertification: the scourge of Africa" from an Internet search on "Overgrazing" via YAHOO! on 6/28/97 (Date of publication not given.).
97F1 FAO, "Irrigation in the countries of the former Soviet Union in figures", Rome (1997).
97G1 Gary Gardner, "Preserving Global Cropland", in Linda Starke, editor, State of the World 1997, W. W. Norton and Co., New York (1997) pp. 42-59.
97P1 David Pimentel, "U.S. Food Production Threatened by Rapid Population Growth", Carrying Capacity Network, 2000 P St. NW, Suite 240, Washington DC 20038 (1997).
97P2 Per Pinstrup-Andersen, Rajul Pandya-Lorch, Mark W, Rosegrant, "The World Food Situation: Recent Developments, Emerging Issues, and Long-Term Prospects", International Food Policy Research Institute, Washington, DC (1997) 36 pp.
97P3 Sandra Postel, Last Oasis: Facing Water Scarcity Cadillac Desert PBS Series http://www.pbs.org/kteh/cadillacdesert/home.html http://www.worldwatch.org/pubs/ea/lo.html.
97R1 Michael Renner, "Ciampas: An Uprising Born of Despair", Worldwatch 10(1) (1997) p. 12-24.
97S1 I.A.Shiklomanov, "Comprehensive Assessment of Freshwater Resources of the World: Assessment of Water Resources and Water Availability in the World", Stockholm Environment Institute (1997).
97W1 WMO, "Comprehensive Assessment of the Freshwater Resources of the World", WMO, Geneva (1997).
97Z1 G. Pascal Zachary, "Water Pressures," Wall Street Journal (12/4/97).

[H] ~ 1998 - 2000 ~

98B1 Lester R. Brown, "The Future of Growth", in Linda Starke, editor, State of the World, 1998, W. W. Norton and Co., New York (1998) pp. 3-20.
98B2 Shamil Baigin "Uzbekistan Experts Fear Aral Sea may Disappear by 2015", Reuters Limited (9/23/98).
98B3 Lester R. Brown, Brian Halweil, "China's Water Shortage Could Shake World Food Security", Worldwatch, July/August 1998.
98B4 Barbier, E. B.; Thompson, J. R. 1998. The value of water: Floodplain versus large-scale irrigation benefits in northern Nigeria. Ambio, 27(6) (1998) pp. 434-440.
98D1Tim Dyson, "World Food Trends and Prospects to 2025", National Academy of Sciences Colloquium, "Plants and population: is there time?", UC Irvine, 12/5-6/98 http://www.lsc.psu.edu/nas/Speakers/Dyson%20manuscript.html.
98H1 Don Hinrichsen (Contributing Editor), People and the Planet 7(1) 1998 (No specific references.) http://www.oneworld.org/patp/index.html.
98M1 Molden, D. J.; el Kady, M.; Zhu, Z. "Use and productivity of Egypt's Nile water." In Burns, J. I.; Anderson, S. S. (Editors), Contemporary challenges for irrigation and drainage: Proceedings from the USCID 14th Technical Conference on Irrigation, Drainage and Flood Control, Phoenix, Arizona (June 3-6, 1998) Denver, CO, USA: USCID.

98P1 David Pimentel, INTERNET:dp18@cornell.edu (9/1/98).
98P2 David Pimentel, "Ecology of Increasing Disease: Population Growth and Environmental Degradation." Bioscience, October 1998.
98R1 David Malin Roodman, "The Natural Wealth of Nations", W. W. Norton and Co., New York (1998).
98S1 Paul Simon, "Are We Running Dry?", Parade Magazine Sunday (8/23/98).
98S2 William K. Stevens, "US Water Use Fell, Despite Population Increase, Report Says", New York Times (11/10/98) (see USGS Web Site http://water.usgs.gov/public/watuse).
98S3 William K. Stevens, "Water: Pushing the Limits of an Irreplaceable Resource", New York Times (12/8/98).
98S4 D. Seckler et al, "World Water Demand and Supply, 1990-2025: Scenarios and Issues", Research Report 19, International Water Management Institute, Colombo Sri Lanka (1998).
98S5 David Seckler, David Moldon, Randolph Barker, "Water Scarcity in the Twenty-First Century", Water Brief No. 1, International Water Management Institute (1998).

98U1 (Unknown), Washington Post (6/25/98).
98U2 Union of Concerned Scientists and Population Action International, "Sustaining Water, Easing Scarcity: Population and the Future of Renewable Water Supplies" (An information update), October 1998 (Contact Union of Concerned Scientists Sound Science Initiative (ssi@ucsusa.org) or http://www.ucsusa.org/resources/index.html.

99F1 B.M. Fekete et al, "Global Composite Runoff Fields Based on Observed River Discharge and Simulated Water Balances", University of New Hampshire Data Set, Durham NH (1999).
99F2 FAO, 1999b. Irrigation in Asia in figures. FAO Water Report No. 18. Rome (1999).
99M1 Charles C. Mann, "Crop Scientists Seek a New Revolution", Science (1/15/99).
99P1 Sandra Postel, Pillar of Sand: Can the Irrigation Miracle Last?, W. W. Norton and Co., New York, 1999, 312 pp.
99R1 David Malin Roodman, "Building a Sustainable Society", in Linda Starke, editor, State of the World 1999, W. W. Morton Co., New York (1999) pp. 169-188.
99R2 Rockström, J., L Gordon, L. Falkenmark, M. Folke, M. Engvall. 1999. Linkages among water vapor flows, food production and terrestrial services. Conservation Ecology 3(2) (1999) p. 5, 1-28. http://www.consecol.org/vol3/iss2/art5 (1999).

99S1 Russell Smith, "Africa's potential water wars", BBC News Online (11/15/99).
99S2 Sakthivadivel, R.; de Fraiture, C.; Molden, D. J.; Perry, C.; Kloezen, W. "Indicators of land and water productivity in irrigated agriculture." International Journal of Water Resources Development, 15(1/2) (1999) pp. 161-179.

99U1 (Unknown), "Populations Outrunning Water Supply as World Hits 6 Billion", World Watch (9/23/99).
99U2 (Unknown) "Scientists Develop Genetically Engineered Salt-Resistant Plant", BCC (8/20/99).
99U3 UNEP, "Global Environmental Outlook 2000", Earthscan Publications Ltd., London (1999).

00A1 Acreman, M., "Background study for the World Commission of Dams", reported in WCD (2000) (00W4).
00A2 Alcamo, J., T. Henrichs and T. Rosch, " World Water in 2025: Global Modeling and Scenario Analysis", in Rijsberman (editor), World Water Scenarios Analyses, Earthscan Publications, London (2000).
00B1 Lester A. Brown, "Falling Water Tables in China May Soon Raise Food Prices Everywhere", World Watch, 5/2/00.
00C1 "Global Trends 2015: A Dialogue About the Future With Non-government Experts", http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/globaltrends2015/index.html This paper was approved for publication by National Foreign Intelligence Board under authority of Director of Central Intelligence.
00E1 Adel El-Beltagy, "Land Degradation: A Global and Regional Problem" International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA)) Aleppo, Syria (2000). (El-Beltagy is Director General of ICARDA).
00F1
FAO, "Statistical Databases", online at http://apps.fao.org (2000).
00G1 GRDS 2000.IWMI and GDRS (IWMI and General Directorate of Rural Services). "Irrigation in the Basin Context: The Gediz River Basin Study, Turkey. International Water Management Institute, Colombo, Sri Lanka (2000).
00R1 Renault, D., W. Wallender, "Nutritional water productivity and diets", Agricultural Water Management, 45(3) (2000) pp. 275-296.
00S1 Payal Sampat, "Groundwater Shock", WorldWatch (January/ February 2000).
00S2 Shiklomanov, I., "Appraisal and Assessment of World Water Resources". Water International 25(1) (2000) pp. 11-32.

00S3 Seckler, D., D. Molden, U. Amarasinghe, C. de Fraiture, " Water issues for 2025: A research perspective". IWMI's contribution to the 2nd World Water Forum. Colombo, Sri Lanka: International Water Management Institute (2000).
00S4 J. Joseph Speidel, "Environment and Health: 1. Population, Consumption and Human Health", Canadian Medical Association Journal, 163(5) (9/5/00) pp. 551-556.
00U1 "2015 Outlook: Enough Food, Scarce Water, Porous Borders", New York Times (12/18/00).
00W1 World Resources Institute, World Resources 2000-2001, World Resources Institute, 10 G St. NE, Washington DC 20002 (2000) 389 pp.
00W2 S. K. Wood et al, "Pilot Analysis of Global Ecosystems: Agro-systems Technical Report" [PAGE]~, World Resources Institute and International Food Policy Research Institute, Washington DC (2000).
00W3 Wood, S. K. Sebastian, S. J. Scherr, "Pilot analysis of global ecosystems: Agroecosystems", Washington, DC: International Food Policy Research Institute, and World Resources Institute. (2000) 110 pp.

00W4 World Commission on Dams, "Dams and Development A new Framework for Decision-making. The report of the World Commission on Dams. Available from http://www.dams.org (2000).
00W5 Christopher Ward, "Yemen's Water Crisis," based on a lecture to the British Yemeni Society (September 2000)

[I] ~ 2001 - 2003 ~

01A1 "One Billion People at Risk from World's Shrinking and Polluted Lakes", Associated Press (11/12/01).
01B2 Lester R. Brown, "Dust Bowl Threatening China's Future", Earth Policy Institute (5/23/01) www.earth-policy.org Earth Policy Alerts may be reproduced free of charge with due acknowledgement given to Lester Brown and Earth Policy Institute. To help us monitor this service, mail or email a copy of the publication (or link) in which the reprint appears to Reah Janise Kauffman, Earth Policy Institute, 1350 Connecticut Ave., NW, Suite 403, Washington, DC 20036, 202.496.9290. rjkauffman@earth-policy.org Previous Alerts available at: http://www.earth-policy.org.
01F1 Barney Foran, Franzi Poldy, "Future Dilemmas", CSIRO Resource Futures Working Paper (February, 2001) CSIRO Sustainable Ecosystems, GPO Box 284, Canberra Act 2601 available at www.cse.csiro.au/futuredilemmas and the Australian Resource Atlas, http://audit.ea.gov.au/anra/agriculture/docs/national/Agriculture_Landscape.html.
01G1 Mark Grossi, "Westlands is poised to sell land: Federal deal would hit Valley economy, help end water war", Fresno Bee (2/11/01).
01L1 Joan Lowy, "Chicago Area Will Run Short of Water by 2020", Scripps Howard News Service/NPG (12/12/01).
01M1 Victoria Dompka Markam, Karin M. Krchnak, Nancy Thorne, "Summary of Experts' Meeting on Human Population and Freshwater Resources", in Karen Krchnak, editor, Human Population and Freshwater Resources: U.S. Cases and International Perspective, Yale University, New Haven (2002) 177 pp.

01M2 Molden, D. J., R. Sakthivadivel, and Z. Habib, "Basin Level Use and Productivity of Water: Examples from South Asia". Research Report 49. International Water Management Institute, Colombo, Sri Lanka (2001).
01N1 Nelson, M. & Mareida, M., Environmental impacts of the CGIAR: an assessment. Doc. No. SDR/TAC:IAR/01/11 presented to the Mid-Term Meeting, 21-25 May, Durban, South Africa (2001).
01N2 Norse, D., Li, J., Jin, L. and Zhang, Z., "Environmental costs of rice production in China: lessons from Hunan and Hubei", Bethesda, USA, Aileen International Press (2001).
01P1 Hugh Pope, "Lebanon Regains Water, and a S ymbol", Wall Street Journal (2001), p. A19.

01R1 Mort Rosenblum, "As all eyes turn to the power crunch, a worse crisis looms: water", AP (5/12/01).
01R2 Mort Rosenblum, "Drought of Biblical Scale Worsens", Associated Press (7/6/01).
01S1 Bruce Sundquist, The Earth's Carrying Capacity - Some Literature Reviews (January 2001) (3.3MB) http://home.windstream.net/bsundquist1/
01S2 "Paul Simon Warns of Population Growth's Impact on Middle East Water Crisis," Chicago Tribune/ NPG (10/12/01).
01T1 Tony Thomson, "Irrigated Agriculture: Let's learn from history to avoid re-living it", Hydrological Society Seminar, Goolwa, Australia (9/28/01) (Thomson.tony@saugov.sa.gov.au).
01U1 (Unknown) "Scientists Search for a Way to Avert World Water Crisis", The Independent (London) (8/14/01).
01U2 (Unknown) "Water Shortages Could Be New Cause of Conflicts", Scripps Howard News Service (12/12/01)

01W1 Robert Witzeman <witzeman@home.com> (7/16/01) 4619 E. Arcadia Lane Phoenix, AZ 85018 602 840-0052.
01W2 Stanley Wood et al, report released by International Food Policy Research Institute (2/9/01) (satellite data)

02B1 Lester R. Brown, "Water Deficits Growing in Many Countries Water Shortages May Cause Food Shortages" href="http://www.earth-policy.org/Updates/Update15.htm 8/6/02.
02B2 Stan Bernstein, "Freshwater and Human Population: A Global Perspective", in Karen Krchnak, editor, Human Population and Freshwater Resources: US Cases and International Perspective, Yale University, New Haven (2002) 177 pp.
02C1 "National Report by Australia on measures taken to support implementation of the UN convention to combat desertification", Commonwealth Intergovernmental Working Group for the UNCCD, April 2002.
02E1 Earth Policy Institute, "Water Deficits Growing in Many Countries - Water Shortages May Cause Food Shortages", Earth Policy Institute (8/6/02).
02I1 IFPRI, "Global Water Outlook to 2025: Averting an Impending Crisis" (10/18/02) http://www.ifpri.cgiar.org/media/water_summaries.htm.
02J1 Jordan Ministry of Water and Irrigation, "Water Resources Management: Water situation in Jordan" (8/5/02) http://www.semide-jo.org/.
02J2 Talal Jabari, "Waterless world: As Israel reclaims Negev Desert land for agriculture, Palestinians thirst for drinking water", AL-AHRAM, Cairo (8/22-28/02).
02K1 Martin Kasindorf, "War over water splits California cities, farms", USA Today, (10/1/02)?
02K2 Mary E. Kelly, "Water Management in the Bi-national Texas/ Mexico Rio Grande/ Rio Bravo Basin," in Karen Krchnak, editor, Human Population and Freshwater Resources: U.S. Cases and International Perspective, Yale University, New Haven (2002) 177 pp.

02R1 Mort Rosenblum AP Special Correspondent, "Mexico's Big Thirst", (8/17/02) (The Associated Press.).
02R2 David Rankin, "Freshwater Ecosystems and Human Populations: Great Lakes Case Study," in Karen Krchnak, editor, Human Population and Freshwater Resources: U.S. Cases and International Perspective, Yale University, New Haven (2002) 177 pp.

02U1 "Overuse, toxics destroying China's link to ancient civilization"http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?f=/c/a/2002/03/04/MN50621.DTL (3/4/02).
02U2 (Unknown) "Bangladeshis Sipping Arsenic as Plan for Safe Water Stalls", New York Times (7/14/02).
02U3 (Unknown) "A World Without Water", Village Voice (8/27/02).
02U4 (Unknown) "One Subsidy Too Many", New York Times (11/12/02).
02U5 (Unknown) "Salt Ravages Australia's Environment", Canberra Times (3/20/02).
02U6 (Unknown) "Ecological Deficits Taking Economic Toll", Earth Policy Institute (10/8/02).
02W1 D. R. Ward, Water Wars: Drought, Flood, Folly and the Politics of Thirst. Riverhead Books, New York. (2002) p. 5.)

03B1 Jelle Bruinsma, "Crop Production and Natural Resource Use", pp. 124-157 (Chapter 4) in Jelle Bruinsma, editor, World Agriculture: Towards 2015/ 2030, UNFAO (2003) Earthscan Publications, London, 432 pages.
03C1 Chapagain, A., A. Hoekstra, "Virtual water flows between nations in relation to trade in livestock and livestock products", Water Research Report Series No. 13. Delft, the Netherlands: IHE (2003).
03C2 Jim Carlton, "A Lake Shrinks, Threatening Mexican Region", Wall Street Journal (9/3/03)).
03F1 FAO, "World agriculture: Towards 2015/2030 - An FAO perspective", Editors Bruinsma. London: Earthscan Publications (2003).

03I1 ICARDA, "Agriculture System in Iraq Destroyed: Self-Sufficiency in Food Production Years Away Predicts International Research Center", International Center for Agricultural Research in Dry Areas, P.O. Box 5466, Aleppo, Syria ICARDA@CGIAR.ORG www.icarda.cgiar.org (6/30/03).
03K1 Glen Kaye, "Mexico's Population Growth - the Driving Force of Emigration" (1/22/03).
03M1 Molle, F. 2003. Allocating and accessing water resources: Practice and ideology in the Chao Phraya River Basin. In Molle, F.; Srijantr, T. (Editors), Thailand's rice bowl: Perspectives on agricultural and social change in the Chao Phraya Delta. Bangkok, Thailand: White Lotus Press (2003).

03N1 David Norse, "Agriculture and the Environment: Changing Pressures, Solutions and Trade-offs", Chapter 12, pp. 331-356 in Jelle Bruinsma, editor, World Agriculture: Towards 2015/ 2030, UNFAO (2003) Earthscan Publications, London, 432 pages.
03O1 Oweis, T. Y.; Hachum, A. Y., "Improving water productivity in the dry areas of West Asia and North Africa". In Kijne, J. W.; Barker, R.; Molden. D. (Editors), Water productivity in agriculture: Limits and opportunities for improvement. Wallingford, UK; Colombo, Sri Lanka: CABI; IWMI (2003).
03R1 Rockström, J. Barron, P. Fox, " Water productivity in rain fed agriculture: challenges and opportunities for smallholder farmers in drought-prone tropical agro-ecosystems". In Kijne, J. W.; Barker, R.; Molden. D. (Editors), Water productivity in agriculture: Limits and opportunities for improvement. Wallingford, UK; Colombo, Sri Lanka: CABI; IWMI (2003).

03S1 W. Shucheng, (2003) quoted in W. Xinbo, (2006). 'Water governace in China: The failure of a top-down approach.' K. Okonski et al. (Editors) The Water Revolution: Practical Solutions to Water Scarcity. International Policy Press, London. p. 149.)
03U1 "UN Makes Water Point", BBC News, 1/27/03 (The UN is publishing a report on global water supplies that relies on graphics, supplemented by CD-ROMs.).
03U2 (Unknown) "California Takes a Closer Look at Making Sea Water Drinkable", San Francisco Chronicle (1/13/03).
03U3 (Unknown) "China: Collision between population and the environment," Asia Times (8/23/03).
03W1 Rick Weiss (The Washington Post), "Searching for Buried Treasure", Pittsburgh Post Gazette (3/17/03).

[J] ~ 2004 - 2006 ~

04B1 Lester R. Brown, World Food Prices Rising: Decades of Environmental Neglect Shrinking Harvests in Key Countries Earth Policy Institute (4/28/04) http://www.earth-policy.org/Updates/Update39.htm
04B2 Lester R. Brown, "Troubling New Flows of Environmental Refugees", Earth Policy Institute (1/28/04).
04C1 Jim Carlton, "Is Water Too Cheap?" Wall Street Journal (3/17/04).
04F1 Fraiture, C. de, X. Cai, U. Amarasinghe, M. Rosegrant and D. Molden, "Does Cereal Trade Save Water? The Impact of Virtual Water Trade on Global Water Use". Comprehensive Assessment Research Report No. 4 Colombo, Sri Lanka: International Water Management Institute (2004).

04H1 Hansen, S. and R. Bhatia, "Water and Poverty in a Macro-economic Context", Paper commissioned by the Norwegian Ministry of the Environment in preparation of CSD12, April 19-30, United Nations, New York (2004).
04K1 Abiud L. Kaswamila, Baker M. Masuruli, "The Role of Traditional Irrigation Systems in Poverty alleviation in Semi-Arid Areas: The Case of Chamazi in Lushoto District, Tanzania", Research Report 04.3, Mkuki Na Nyota Publishers Ltd. (2004) 49 pages.
04M1 David Molden and Charlotte de Fraiture, "Investing in Water for Food, Ecosystems and Livelihoods", Comprehensive Assessment of Water Management in Agriculture, an initiative of the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR) convened by the International Water Management Institute (IWMI) http://www.iwmi.org/assessment (2004) E-mail: Comp.assessment@cgiar.org.
04M2 Shadrack Mwakalila, Christine Noe, "The Use of Sustainable Irrigation for Poverty Alleviation in Tanzania: The Case of Smallholder Irrigation Schemes in Igurusi, Mabrali District", Research Report No. 04.1, Mkuki Na Nyota Publishers Ltd. (2004) 69 pages.
04R1 Abdulatif Mohamed Jamal Rashid - Minister of Irrigation in 2004 in Iraq, "Importance of Boosting Water Infrastructure in a Developing Country", in Sunanda Kishore and Christopher Head, (Independent Consultants working with the World Bank), "World Water Week: Report on the Seminar on Financing Water Infrastructure," World Bank and the Stockholm International Water Institute Stockholm (8/15/04).
04S1 Scott, C., N. Faruqui, L. Rashid-Sally (Editors), "Waste Water Use in irrigated agriculture. Confronting the livelihood and environmental realities". CAB International, Wallingford, UK (2004).

04U1 (Unknown), "Environmental Refugees: When the Soil Dies and the Well Dries", Earth Policy Institute (2/13/04).
04U2 (Unknown) "Mexico: Fight Over Dam Points Up Water Woes", Los Angeles Times (5/29/04).
04U3 (Unknown) "Asia faces water catastrophe: scientists", PARIS (AFP) (8/25/04).

04W2 World Bank, "Irrigated Agriculture in the Brazilian Semi-Arid Region: Social Impacts and externalities", Volume 1: Main Report. Brazil Country Management Unit. World Bank, Washington DC (2004a).
04Z1 Zwart, S. J.; Bastiaanssen, W. G. M., "Review of measured crop water productivity values for irrigated wheat, rice, cotton, and maize". Agricultural Water Management. Accepted for publication (2004). - - - - - -

05B1 Lester R. Brown, "Stabilizing Water Tables," Chapter 6 in Outgrowing the Earth: The Food Security Challenge in an age of Falling Water Tables and Rising Temperatures, W. W. Norton and Co., New York, 2005, Earth Policy Institute, pp. 99-117. (See http://www.earth-policy.org/Books/Out/index.htm) (SU4)
05D1 J. Diamond, (2005). Collapse: How Societies Choose to Fail or Survive. Penguin Books.
05F1 Malin Falkenmark, Malin.Falkenmark@siwi.org "Environmental sustainability challenges of hunger alleviation," Stockholm International Water Institute (SIWI) (9/6/05).
05F2 M. Falkenmark and J. Lundquist (1995). "Looming Water Crisis: New Approaches Are Inevitable", Chapter 6, L. Ohlsson, Hydropolitics: Conflict over Water as a Development Constraint. Zen Books, London. p. 181.)

05F3 Werner Fornos, "Population growth imperils humanity (11/23/05) Providence Journal (Author is a recipient of the UN Population Award, and is president of the nonprofit Population Institute, in Washington.
05L1 Stephen Leahy, "Environment: Millions Flee Floods, Desertification", I.P.S. Brooklin, Canada (10/12/05).

05S1
Riccardo Scalenghe, "Factors in Soil Formation: Mankind and Others", Chapter 9 in a book published in 2005. http://www.agrariaunipa.it scalengh@unipa.it
05U1 (Unknown) "The Water Conflicts in the Middle East from a Palestinian Perspective", Applied Research Institute-Jerusalem (2005) www.arij.org/pub/wconflct/ (visited 4/29/05).
05U2 UN-HABITAT, "Water Crisis in African Cities: Better water management critical for sustainable urbanization and development of African cities", http://www.un-habitat.org/mediacentre/documents/feature4.doc on 5/31/05
05U3 "Water for Near Half the World's Population Under Threat at the Roof of the World: Conservation of watersheds urgently needed to reduce increasing floods, human and biodiversity losses." GLOBIO (an initative of the UN Environment Program UNEP) 9/5/05. (based on a new report "The Fall of Waters" which is available at
www.globio.info and www.grida.no and www.unep.org together with graphics and maps.)
05W1 David Wessel, "Water Worries Start to Gain Attention", Wall Street Journal (3/10/05), p. A2.

06H1 Satu Hassi MEP. Published: 6/15/06 in TheParliment.com. Visit Water policy: EU challenges http://www.eupolitix.com/EN/Legislation/200606/2a3fe009-fc9f-4234-b6a9- 3f88a07897c9.htm (6/15/06).
(Author Satu Hassi is a former Finnish environment minister and a vice chair of the European parliament's environment committee.) (su4)

06H2 Samuel P. Huston, "Management of Water Scarcity and the Application of Conflict Resolution: Cases of India and China," Dissertation, Department of Peace Studies, University of Bradford (2006)
(93) (su4)
06I1 Inter Press Service News Agency, "Environment Africa: Satellites Chronicle a Depleted Continent" (8/28/06) (based on data provided by the UNEP).
06L1
Geoffrey Lean (Environment Editor) "Death of the world's rivers" (3/12/06). http://news.independent.co.uk/environment/article350785.ece (su4)

06M1 Elizabeth Mygatt, "World's Water Resources Face Mounting Pressure" Earth Policy Institute (7/26/06).
06M2 Sameer Mohindru, "Growth Challenges India Water Supply," Wall Street Journal (8/23/06) p. B3A.
06O1 Okonski, K. et al. (Editors). The Water Revolution: Practical Solutions to Water Scarcity. International Policy Press, London (2006).
06P1 S. Postel, "Safeguarding Freshwater Ecosystems." Chapter 3, The Worldwatch Institute, State of the World, Special focus: China and India. W. W. Norton and Company, London. p. 51. (2006).(su4)

[K] ~ (2007-2009) ~

07B1 Lester R. Brown, The end of agriculture? Earth Policy Institute Plan B 2.0 Book Byte (7/24/07) Water Tables Falling and Rivers Running Dry http://www.earthpolicy.org/Books/Seg/PB2ch03_ss2.htm
Adapted from Chapter 3, "Emerging Water Shortages" in Lester R. Brown, Plan B 2.0: Rescuing a Planet Under Stress and a Civilization in Trouble (New York: W.W. Norton and Company, available free of charge on-line at www.earthpolicy.org/Books/PB2/index.htm (2007) (SU4)
07C1 Edwin H. Clark, II, "Water Prices Rising Worldwide," Earth Policy Institute (2007). http://www.earth-policy.org/Copyright/index.htm.

07C2 Clifford Coonan, "The gathering sandstorm: Encroaching desert, missing water," The Independent (11/9/07).
07F1 FAO, "Two-Thirds of World Population Could Face Water Shortage in 2025: FAO," Age (3/22/07).

07M1 Milline J. Mbonile, "Population, Migration, and Water Conflicts in the Pangani River Basin, Tanzania," in Report from Africa: Population, Health, Environment, and Conflict, ECSP Report, Edition 12 (2007) pp. 20-28 of a 50-page document.
07N1 Talli Nauman, "A Future Compromised: Agriculture and Aquaculture Compete for Water," (http://americas.irc-online.org/pdf/reports/0702Gulf4.pdf visited 3/9/07) (2/28/07).
07S1 Bruce Sundquist, "Topsoil Loss - Causes, Effects and Implications: A Global Perspective," Edition 7 (July 2007).
07S2 Science Daily, "Seawater Intrusion is often the consequence of freshwater aquifer over-exploitation" (7/29/07).
07S3 Brian Skoloff, "Much of US Could See a Water Shortage" The Associated Press (10/26/07).

07W1 Emily Wax, "A Sacred River Endangered by Global Warming," Washington Post (6/17/07) p. A14.
07Y1 Jim Yardly, "Beneath Booming Cities, China's Future is Drying Up," The New York Times (9/28/07).

08B1 Lester R. Brown, "Falling Water Tables, Falling Harvests" Http://www.earth-policy.org/Books/Seg/PB3ch04_ss2.htm Earth Policy Institute Plan B 3.0 Book Byte Adapted from Chapter 4, "Emerging Water Shortages," in Lester R. Brown, Plan B 3.0: Mobilizing to Save Civilization (New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 2008), available for free downloading and purchase at www.earthpolicy.org/Books/PB3/index.htm. Additional data and information sources can be found at http://www.earthpolicy.org.
08B2 Lester Brown, "When Population Growth and Resource Availability Collide," adapted from Chapter 6, "Early Signs of Decline," in Lester R. Brown, "Plan B 3.0: Mobilizing to Save Civilization," (New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 2008),
This is available on-line at www.earthpolicy.org/Books/PB3/index.htm
http://www.earthpolicy.org/Books/Seg/PB3ch06_ss5.htm

08C1 Mark Clayton, "Is water becoming 'the new oil'?" Christian Science Monitor (5/29/08).
08E1 Earth Policy Institute, "World Facing Huge New Challenge on Food Front" (4/16/08)
http://www.earthpolicy.org/Updates/2008/Update72.htm
08E2 Editorial, "A fresh approach to water," 452(7185) (3/20/08) p. 253.
08M1 Mark McGinley, "Aquifers of Texas," Encyclopedia of Earth (1/15/08)
http://www.eoearth.org/articles/Aquifers_of_Texas
08O1 Shai Oster, "Water Project in China Is Delayed," Wall Street Journal (12/31/08) p. A4.
08P1 Michael Perry, "Ancient water source vital for Australia," Reuters.com (12/23/08).

09B1 Ben Block, "Asian Water Supplies Require Substantial Overhaul," (8/18/09) Ben Block is a staff writer with Worldwatch Institute. Reach at bblock@worldwatch.org. http://www.worldwatch.org/node/6235?emc=el&m=285416&l=5&v=a8085f1b07
09E1 Elaine Engeler (Associated Press Writer) "Study: Antarctic glaciers slipping swiftly seaward" (2/25/2009)

09G1 Ioan Grillo, "Dry Taps in Mexico City: A Water Crisis Gets Worse," Time (4/11/09).)
09I1 Richard Ingham, "Population growth, climate change sparking water Crisis: UN," Yahoo! News (3/12/09) (Reporting on a UN report "Water in a changing world," (March 2009) 348 pp. Compiled by 24 UN agencies and published every three years starting in 2003).
09K1 Carolyn Kormann, "Retreat of Andean Glaciers Foretells Global Water Woes," Alternet (4/20/09) http://www.alternet.org/story/136148.
09U1 (Unknown) FACTBOX-Key facts on the world's water supply," Reuters (3/15/09). (Sources of data: Reuters, World Bank, IMF, U.N., Pacific Institute for Studies on Development, Environment and Security, World Water Council)
09U2 (Author Unknown) "Water Shortages are a growing problem, but not for the reasons most people think," The Economist (4/8/09)

[L] ~ (2010-2012) ~

10P1 David Pimentel et al, "Will Limited Land, Water, and Energy Control Human Population Numbers in the Future?" Springer Science+Business Media, LLC (August 2010).
10Q1 James Quinn, "Peak Water," http://theburningplatform.com/economy/peak-water-1 (visited 1/10/10).

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